Classification of Cosmetics - Industrial pharmacy - I B. Pharma 5th Semester PDF Notes

Classification of Cosmetics



Official definition of cosmetics with scope, Classification of cosmetics; ingredients of cosmetics with significance and present scenario of cosmetics.

Learning objectives

At the end of this lecture, the student will be able to:

• Describe the classification of cosmetic products

• Explain the uses of each cosmetic products

• Explain the uses of each cosmetic products

Classification of Cosmetics

1. According to the site of application





2. According to their function

3. According to their physical nature

According to the site of application

Cosmetics for skin

a. Those applied for protection and beautification

Skin creams and lotions- to moisturize the face and body

E.g. Vanishing cream, cold cream, cleansing cream, foundation cream, all-purpose cream, anti – wrinkle cream, moisturizing lotions, day creams, night creams, bleaching creams, anti – ageing products

• Face powders or compacts- used to set the foundation or give a matte finish

E.g. Face powders, talcum powders, compact face powder

• Astringents, skin tonics

• Face packs and masks

• Sunscreen, sun tan and anti- sun burn products

E.g. Sun screen lotion/ cream, prickly heat powder, anti- sun burn cream

• Anti perspirants/ deodorants

E.g. Sprays, aerosols, roll on

• Bath preparations- E.g. Body wash, bath salts, shower gels

• Skin lightening agents/ Bleaches

E.g.  Bleaching creams

• Concealers

• Lip make up- lipsticks, lip liners, lip gloss

• Cheeks make up

E.g. Rouge, blusher, bronzer

• Eye make up

E.g. Eye liner, eye pencil, Kohl, Mascara, Eye shadow

b. Those applied for nourishment of skin

• Anti-ageing products, Vitamin creams

c. Hair removers

• Depilatories- creams, waxing strips

Cosmetics for hair

a. Hair cleansing preparations

• Shampoos- liquid, powder, aerosol, gel

b. Hair grooming preparations

• Hair sprays, Hair setting, straightening, hair waving preparations

c. Hair tonics and conditioners- for hair nourishment, smoothening, reducing frizz, hair damage repair

d. Anti-dandruff preparations

e. Hair colours

Cosmetics for nail

Nail lacquers, enamel removers, cuticle removers, nail creams

Cosmetics for teeth

a. Cleaning the teeth

Eg. Dentifrices- tooth pastes, tooth powders

b. Oral hygiene

Eg. Mouth washes, gargles

According to their function

Cosmetics according to function

a. Decorative function: Lip make up, eye make-up, nail colours, rouge

b. Corrective function:  face powder, concealer

c. Protective function: cold cream, lip balm, sunscreen

d. Curative function: anti perspirants, deodorant, mouthwashes, gargles

e. Dressing and washing purpose: toiletries, body wash, bath preparation, shaving creams

According to their physical nature

Cosmetics according to physical nature

a. Aerosols: Hair and body sprays, shaving foams

b. Cakes:  compact face powder, blusher, eye shadow

c. Emulsion: cold creams, vanishing creams

d. Jellies:  Hair setting preparations

e. Mucilage: Hand and body lotions, hair setting gels

f. Oil: Hair tonic, body oil, hair oil

g. Pastes: Tooth pastes

h. Powder: Face powder, talcum powder

i. Solution: shampoos, astringents, after shave lotion

j. Stick: Deodorant, lipstick. Chap sticks

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